Materials

Jute Fiber – The Cheapest Natural Fiber

Jute Fiber is also known as golden fiber. It is environmentally friendly as well as being one of the most inexpensive. It gets use to make burlap bags and garden string. Jute Fiber generally grows in India and Bangladesh in tropical lowland areas with rainfall warm weather and high humidity of 60 to 90%. 

Jute grows close and together which allows the plants to grow tall and straight reaching the length of 1-4 meters. It is a long golden and silky fiber removed from the bark of the jute plant. 

During the Mughal Era in India, jute clothes were worn by the poor villagers. Earlier in West Bengal, ropes and strings were getting in use for different domestic household applications. 

After four to six months jute can be harvested and bind into a bunch. During harvesting, it is common for the jute plants to be underwater forcing the workers to wade in and cut the stream or pull up the plant altogether.  


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3.5 million tons produced annually and 2.5 to 3 million tons sold for about 200 Million dollars. Jute is a rain-fed crop with little need for fertilizers or pesticides, but it needs an average monthly rainfall of at least 3 to 4 inches during the growing season in order to stay healthy. 

Jute fiber is the inexpensive vegetable fiber obtained from the skin of the plant’s stem. It is 100% bio-degradable and recyclable and thus nature-friendly. 

Physical properties:

  • It’s high tensile strength and low extensibility 
  • Bad for weaving 
  • Good for manufacturing 
Jute Tissue Jute Blankets Free Photo

Chemical properties:

  • Fibers destroyed by acids 
  • High moisture regain 
  • Good for pulp and paper making 
Also Read previous Articles  Different types of building materials used in construction

Jute Fiber products are:

  • Geotextiles 
  • Jute Allied Products 
  • Paper 
  • Fabrics, cloths 
  • Yarn, twine, rope 
  • Bags, sacks 
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